3: What are the risks with powered (automatic) doors and gates, and how can they be controlled?
In recent years, a number of adults and children have been seriously injured or killed by this type of machinery. The injuries were caused because people have been trapped or crushed by the moving door or gate. All powered doors and gates must be properly designed, installed and maintained to prevent possible injuries.
4: What if I think a gate is unsafe?
Unless youve been working on the gate, the owner of the gate has to ensure that the gate is safe and without risks to others. The owner here includes landlords or managing agents with responsibility for the gate. If the owner thinks the gate is unsafe, he should take steps to make it safe for example, by engaging a competent person to install safety mechanisms or protective devices. Meanwhile, for safety, it should be switched off, or only used safely in a supervised way, eg under direct hold-to-run control.
5: Im a domestic householder, do I have to do anything?
Health and safety law doesnt apply to you. But it is a good idea to have regular checks carried out on the gates in accordance with the manufacturers instructions. This is particularly important where the gate may affect the safety of third parties such as passers-by, children or visitors. As with other contractors, youll need to check that they are competent to carry out any work/inspections that you ask them to do.
Please note that anyone undertaking a work activity on a domestic powered gate (eg repairs, checks, adjustments, servicing) will be subject to health and safety law. For further details see Powered Gates: Responsibilities.
6: I own commercial/industrial premises, what do I have to do?
You will have to ensure that powered doors and gates on the premises are safe. Existing powered doors and gates must be designed, constructed and maintained for safety. You will need to inspect them regularly to make sure they work properly and that protective devices are effective. In some cases, you may need to use a competent contractor to help you do this.
If your'e going to install a new powered door or gate or power-up an existing manually operated one - you should employ a competent installer who understands how these machines work, what the safety requirements are, how to do the work safely, and comply with the law concerning machinery supply. They should also provide you with User Instructions and details on how to maintain the gates.
7: I install doors and gates, what must I do?
You must be competent. This means you must understand the risks associated with these products and the law concerning supply. You should ensure that they are installed according to the manufacturers instruction's, making checks and adjustments as necessary so they are left safe. You must give User Instructions to the client whether domestic or commercial/industrial on how to use and maintain the gates. If you have any concerns about the design of the gate, or its components, then you should discuss these with the manufacturer/supplier.
8: As a maintenance contractor, what do I have to do?
You must be competent to carry out maintenance or inspection work. This means understanding how the door or gate and its safety features work. If you find something wrong then you should talk to the owner about what you need to do to make it safe, particularly if there is a risk of injury. You need to leave the gate in a safe state. Where new components are fitted the User Instructions may need to be updated.
HSE cannot get involved in civil disputes between owners or others with responsibility and contractors where there are disagreements about maintenance, repairs or upgrading work. In such cases, the owner and the contractor need to resolve the issues; both need to ensure that people are not put at risk of harm. Organisations such as Gate Safe link to external website and the Door and Hardware Federation link to external website may be able to help.